Home - seasons - summer in the farmyard KS1


Chickens are kept for the eggs they produce and for meat.

A hen, a female chicken, will lay about 6 eggs a week.

Did you know that the chicken is the closest living relative of Tyrannosaurus Rex?

Scientists studying material from a skeleton of the big dinosaur, 68 million years old, found it was similar to the modern day chicken.


A female chicken is a hen. What is a male chicken called?

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What's the red flap on the top of a chicken's head called?

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Skeleton - bone structure

Getting ready for harvest

The combine harvester must be got ready to cut and collect the crops of wheat, barley and oats when they are ripe.

The huge machine has been standing in the shed since last summer so the farmer checks it is in good working order.

The cutting blades are sharpened and all the moving parts of the machine are greased. The machine must be ready to work for the long hours it takes to bring in the harvest.

Which of these crops would you harvest with a combine?

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Combine harvester - machine used to harvest crops

The dairy cow's vital statistics

The black and white Friesian-Holstein is the most common breed of dairy cow on Cornish farms. She can produce 25 to 30 litres of milk a day.
A dairy cow drinks a large quantity of water each day, about 100 litres. That's enough to take a bath in!
How much do you think a cow like this eats? She spends about 6 hours eating every day and can eat 80-100kgs of grass.
Grass is not easy to digest, even when you have four stomachs as cows have. After they have eaten their fill, cows lie down and chew the cud.
Jersey and Guernsey cows were once the most popular breeds on Cornish dairy farms. The Jersey cows are small and give rich creamy milk.
The Guernsey cow gives creamy milk too and is bigger than the Jersey. They are usually brown and white.

How many litres of milk can a Friesian produce a day?

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right one
1-5 litres
5-10 litres
25-30 litres
50-60 litres

Chewing the cud - grass that has been chewed and swallowed is bought back up into the mouth and chewed again. This helps the cow to digest the grass.

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