Home - seasons - summer in the field KS1

Outdoor-reared pigs

Pigs are reared out of doors in small shelters called 'pig arks', one for each sow to rear her litter of piglets in.

The ark gives the young piglets shelter in bad weather. A low barrier across the front prevents them straying.

When her piglets are old enough they will follow the sow outside to root around in the field.

In hot sunny weather pigs love sunbathing but they can get sunburnt.

They enjoy wallowing in mud too. The mud cools them down and protects their skin from the sun.


Outdoors pigs live in small shelters. What are they called?

Click the right one
How do pigs protect their skin from hot sun?

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Rub on suntan lotion
Bathe in mud
Sit under umbrella

Wallow - roll around in


Grass needs warmth and rain to make it grow but in the summer farmers hope there will be some dry sunny spells when they can cut the grass and make hay. The hay will be fed to livestock in the winter.

The grass is cut and left to dry in the sun. A machine called a hay turner, pulled by the tractor, spreads out the grass so it dries faster.

Hay turner

Field of hay

When the hay is ready, it is packed into tight bales. There are balers that make small rectangular bales that can be easily lifted by hand.

Little baler

Today balers that produce big round or rectangular bales are usually used. The bales are much heavier and have to be lifted with a tractor.

Big baler

Why do farmers make hay?

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Because it smells nice
To feed animals in the winter
For something to do

Baler - machine that picks up and packs hay or straw into bales
Hay - dried grass

Growing crops

Farmers in Cornwall grow a variety of crops. Wheat, barley, oats, oilseed rape and potatoes are the main crops.

In the summer, the pattern of green fields is broken by splashes of colour as the different crops come into flower and ripen.

Oilseed rape

In May some fields are bright yellow with the flowers of oilseed rape. Oil from the seeds of this crop is used for cooking, animal feed and fuel.

In June and July the purple or white flowers of the potato emerge in the rows of green leafy plants.

Occasionally you may see a field of blue in late May and early June. This is linseed. It is also grown for its oil which is used in paints.

Wheat still green
Oats ripening
Barley ripe and golden

Through the summer the fields of wheat, oats and barley gradually change from green to golden yellow in colour as the crops ripen.

True or False
Wheat is used to make bread
Barley is used to make beer

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