Home - seasons - winter in the farmyard KS1

How times have changed - 1

In many Cornish farmyards you will see old building liked this one. Often they are no longer used for farm work. The doorways are too narrow for tractors to get through.

This building was once the stables for the horses that worked on the farm. This photograph of it was taken nearly 100 years ago.

Today farm buildings are built with high roofs and wide doorways so that tractors can work inside them.

What work might those horses have done on the farm 100 years ago?

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To cart hay
To plough the fields
To milk the cows


How things have changed - 2

Cows used to be milked by hand. It was a job often done by young women.

These photographs show milking time on a Cornish farm over 100 years ago.

Today in milking parlours like this, machines do much of the work. One person can milk a large herd of cows in the same amount of time it used to take to milk a few by hand.

Cows waiting to be milked

A modern milking parlour

Putting on the clusters

Modern machines can milk 100 cows in an hour. How long do you think it would have taken those Victorian milkmaids to milk a cow by hand?

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Half an hour
10 minutes
2 minutes

Milking parlour - building where cows are milked.
Clusters - part of the milking machine that draws the milk from the cow's udder.

Who else lives in the farmyard?

Barn owls like the dark quiet places in the roof of the hay barn.

Mice and rats also make their winter home in the barn. They cause damage and carry disease. The farm's cat is always on the lookout for them.

What food might robins find to eat around the farmyard in the winter?

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right ones

What sound do owls make?

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right one

Shelter - a place giving cover from the weather.

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